Type 2 diabetes accounts for about 90% of all diabetes cases, making it the most common type of diabetes. Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a disease that is indicated by high blood sugar levels and it can be categorized into 2 types. Type 1 occurs when body fails to produce insulin. On the other hand, Type 2 occurs when cells in the body do not respond properly to insulin and / or the body's insulin production is not enough to support the body's need.
Type 2 diabetes symptoms develop in a very slow rate that most of its sufferers do not realize that they have the disease until it has reached an advanced stage. Common symptoms of the disease include: constant fatigue, blurred vision, erectile dysfunction for male sufferers, dark patches on the skin around folds and creases of the body, frequent urination, increased thirst, increased hunger, dry mouth, headaches, and unexplained weight loss . Other symptoms may also include weight gain, itching around the groin or vaginal area, frequent yeast infection, slow-healing sores, and numbness around feet or hands.
To treat type 2 diabetes, a sufferer can not rely on medication alone. In fact, he or she also needs to make some lifestyle changes. Below are the things you can do or take to treat the disease:
Medication – Includes daily insulin injections to control the glucose level in the blood, your doctor may also prescribe alternatives which can be taken orally or by injection such as alpha-glucosidase inhibitors (acarbose), meglitinides (repaglinide, nateglinide), thiazolidinediones (rosiglitazone, Pioglitazone), Biguanides (metformin), Sulfonylureas (glimepiride, glyburide, tolazamide), and other injectable medicines (exenatide, mitiglinide, pramlintide, sitagliptin, saxagliptin). Consult your doctor prior to taking the medication.
Regular exercise – Regular exercise offer many health benefits; It increases energy, improves blood pressure and blood flow, enhances heart beat and breathing rate, and reduces tension. It also helps your body burn calories which is beneficial for weight loss program. Check with your doctor to find out which exercises are safe for you.
Weight control and Diet – Weight control and diet for type 2 diabetes sufferer can be different from regular diets done by people who do not have the disease. You should consult with a doctor or nutritionist about proper nutrition (eg carbohydrates, fats, proteins, vitamins, etc) take. Today, you can easily find healthy alternatives for your favorite foods. For example, if you are a fan of chocolate chip cookies, you can still enjoy low-calorie diet cookies which are equally tasty.